English

     

     English_Section

     
      
      
    Contenido
      
      
    IFAI

    ​Welcome!

    It is a great pleasure for the Federal Institute for Access to Public Information and Data Protection (IFAI) to introduce you to its English section.

    Since its inception in 2003, IFAI has promoted these two fundamental rights nationally and worldwide. 

    This leads us to develop associations with other oversight bodies of access to information and data protection to learn their good practices and experiences, and also to share the Mexican experience in access to information and data protection to the world. 

    1
    1
    IFAIMandate

    The Federal Institute for Access to Information and Data Protection (IFAI) is an autonomous, specialized, impartial and collegiate body with operational, budgeting and decision-making autonomy, in charge of guaranteeing the right to access public information, issuing resolution on denial of requests for access to information, and prot​ecting personal data. IFAI is responsible mainly for:

    • Ensuring the right to access to government information
    • Protecting personal data held by both the Federal government and of individuals; and
    • ​Deciding on the refusals of access to information 

    IFAI is responsible for implementing and enforcing the Federal Law of Transparency and Access to Public Government Information (LFTAIPG – Transparency Act) and the Federal Law on Protection of Personal Data Held by Private Entities (LFPDPPP – Privacy Act).


    Since the entry into force of the Transparency Act, on June 12, 2003, over 240 departments and agencies of the Federal government are required to respond information requests.


    ​​
    1
    3
    IFAIHighlights
    The Transparency Act and IFAI have empowered citizens to investigate and denounce cases of corruption or bad behavior of public institutions. Both mechanisms, the law and the enforcing agency, ​have also helped in executing the following actions:

    Regulating of the otherwise unjustified scope and application of financial secrets

    Granting citizens the full access to their medical records

    Ordering access to accounting data regarding trusts and funds which are completely or partially financed with public resources

    Debating on the importance of privacy and the protection of personal data

    Establishment of state-of-the-art procedures to request information

    Promoting appeals to the authority

    Ensuring compliance of article 7 of the act “Transparency obligations” (to the institutions regulated under the Transparency Act), which consist on the publication of relevant data of this regulated institutions, such as the organizational structure, monthly wages of public servants, goals and objectives of the administrative units, budget, information regarding audits, hiring agreements, and many more.

    Promoting the creation and use of electronic tools, such as INFOMEX, POT and ZOOM, to simplify the knowledge of the government administration and structure and the manner in which institutions make and take decisions.

    INFOMEX: Is an electronic ​​system for information requests. Any person from any place, with access to internet may submit a request of information​ 

    ​​POT: A​n on-line system through which citizens have access to information related to the transparency obligations of the agencies of the Federal Government, under the Transparency Act. This is a unique tool of its kind nationwide.​ 

    ZOOM: It is a Google-like search engine of public information requests and appeals resolved by the Institute. The user can enter key words and phrases in the system, and it will provide the results of those requests and appeals and studies that contain in their attached documents the words given by the user​​

    The current worldwide trend of promoting open governments implies that these tools will play a key role in harnessing technological advances for people to reuse and exploit the socially useful and relevant information.​​​ 

    1
    4
    IFAIIFAI in Numbers
    From June 2003 to February 2014, a total of 1,036,761 requests of public information were filed

    •During this same period 54,127 appeals have bee​​n submitted before IFAI

    •The percentage increase of information requests since 2004 in comparison to 2013, represented a total of 454.7%, from having filed 37,732 requests of information in 2004 up to 137,713 requests in 2013

    •The average of annual growth rate of requests is about 15.1 percent

    •From January 1 to November 28, 2013, a total of 102,620 public information requests and 35,093 access and data correction requests were filed

    •In the same period,  91,407 public information requests and 29,039 access and data correction requests were responded

     •Frequent users are academia, private sector, government and mass media

     •IFAI’s annual budget for t​​he promotion of access to information is around $310,362,867 Mexican pesos (23 million dollars), and was devoted mainly to create a culture of transparency and promote this legislation nationwide

     •With the new powers of IFAI as a Data Protection Authority, its budget arose to $573,079,976 Mexican pesos ($44,000,000 USD) in 2013

     ​​​•Last November 6, 2013, the Transparency Portal (POT) registered 100,000,000 (a hundred million) consultations​​​

    For further statistical information, please visit: 

    http://inicio.ifai.org.mx/_catalogs/masterpage/AIP-Estadisticas.aspx​

    (Spanish version only)​

    1
    5
    President CommissionerXimena Puente de la Mora

    Ximena Puente de la Mora
    Ximena Puente de la Mora was sworn in before the Senate as Commissioner of the autonomous Federal Institute for Access to Information and Data Protection (IFAI) on May 14, 2014 to a four-year period that expires in March 31, 2018.  On May 15, 2014, she was elected by her fellow Commissioners to serve as Commissioner President of IFAI for a three-year period.

    Prior to joining the IFAI, Puente de la Mora was Commissioner President of the Institute for Transparency, Access to Information and Data Protection of the State of Colima. She was a professor at the Universidad de Colima’s School of Law, where she carried out extensive research.

    She is the author of numerous research articles on transparency, access to information, data protection, and information technologies. As an expert in such topics, Puente de la Mora has lectured in numerous events and conferences in Canada, Chile, Italy, Peru, Costa Rica, and Venezuela, among other countries.

    Puente de la Mora holds a PhD cum laude from the Universidad de Guadalajara (Mexico), a Master’s degree in Law cum laude from the Universidad de Navarra (Spain) and a Law Degree from the Universidad de Colima (Mexico). 


    2
    1
    CommissionersFrancisco Javier Acuña Llamas

    Francisco Javier Acuña Llamas
    Francisco Javier Acuña Llamas was sworn in before the Senate as Commissioner of the autonomous Federal Institute for Access to Information and Data Protection (IFAI) on May 14, 2014 to a nine-year period that expires in March 31, 2023. 

    Prior to joining the IFAI, Acuña Llamas served as Information, Documentation and Transparency Coordinator in the Electoral Court of the Judicial Branch of the Federation, where he also was Director General of Liaison and Transparency; and Secretary of the Commission for Supervision and Resolution on Transparency and Access to Information.

    He is an expert on human rights and access to public information, transparency, data protection, anticorruption, accountability, and constitutional procedural law.

    Acuña Llamas holds a Ph.D. in Political Science and Sociology from the Universidad Complutense de Madrid (Spain), and a Law Degree from the Universidad Regiomontan​​a (Mexico).​

     

     
    2
    2
    CommissionersAreli Cano Guadiana

    ​​​​​​Areli Cano Guadiana
    Areli Cano Guadiana Mora was sworn in before the Senate as Commissioner of the autonomous Federal Institute for Access to Information and Data Protection (IFAI) on May 14, 2014 to a four-year period that expires in March 31, 2018.   

    Before joining the IFAI, she was Director of Transparency, Services and Procedures at the Miguel Hidalgo borough in the Federal District; and previously she served as Commissioner of the Federal District Institute of Access to Public Information and Data Protection (InfoDF). Earlier, she was Chief of Staff of the President of the General Council of the Federal District Electoral Institute.

    As a Commissioner of the InfoDF, she was an active member of the Mexican Conference on Access to Public Information (COMAIP in Spanish), where she headed the Legal Coordination (COMAIP is a forum that gathers the 33 transparency and access to information institutes of the Mexican States and of the Federal District, and IFAI, to share experiences, exchange good practices, analyze trends and promote cooperation).

    She is the author of several essays and think pieces on transparency, access to public information, files, data protection and political parties, such as “El derecho de acceso a la información en el Distrito Federal. Orígenes, alcances y perspectivas” (“The Right of Access to Information in the Federal District. Origin, Scope and Perspective”).

     

    Cano Guadiana holds a Master’s degree in Public Administration from the Instituto Nacional de Administración Pública and a Law Degree from the Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México.​​

     

    2
    3
    CommissionersÓscar Mauricio Guerra Ford

    Óscar Mauricio Guerra Ford
    Oscar Mauricio Guerra Ford was sworn in before the Senate as Commissioner of the autonomous Federal Institute for Access to Information and Data Protection (IFAI) on May 14, 2014 to an eight-year period that expires in March 31, 2022.   

    Prior to joining the IFAI, Guerra Ford was President Commissioner of the Institute for Access to Public Information and Data Protection of the Federal District (Mexico City), from 2006. Previously, he worked for the Ministry of Finance as Advisor to the Coordination Unit for States.

    For over 25 years, he has been a professor with the School of Economics of the Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México. He also headed the Latin American and the Caribbean Association of Economists and the National Association of Economists (El Colegio Nacional de Economistas).

    Guerra Ford has authored numerous articles discussing transparency, access to information and accountability systems, such as Los Órganos Garantes de Transparencia. Integración y características: su funcionamiento como organismos autónomos (Transparency Oversight Bodies. Configuration and Characteristics: their Operation as Autonomous Bodies) (UNAM, 2011), and “Logros y retos del Instituto de Acceso a la Información Pública del Distrito Federal” (Achievements and challenges of the Institute for Access to Public Information and Data Protection of the Federal District). He is a columnist with El Universal, a leading national newspaper in Mexico.

     

    Guerra Ford holds a Master’s and a Bachelor’s degree in Economics from the Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México. 


    2
    4
    CommissionersMaría Patricia Kurczyn Villalobos
    María Patricia Kurczyn Villalobos
    María Patricia Kurczyn Villalobos was sworn in before the Senate as Commissioner of the autonomous Federal Institute for Access to Information and Data Protection (IFAI) on May 14, 2014 to a six-year period that expires in March 31, 2020.  

     

    Before joining the IFAI, Kurczyn Villalobos was a full-time researcher at the Institute for Legal Research of the Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México (UNAM). She is a leading scholar in collective and individual labor law, litigation, labor and social security; topics on which she has lectured and published profusely. Some of her titles are Social Security (Kluwer, 2009), Los derechos de las mujeres trabajadoras (Working Women’s Rights) (UNAM, 2000), and Panorama internacional del derecho social (International Overview of Social Rights Law) (UNAM, 2007). 

    During this time, she has also collaborated with numerous institutions in different capacities, like as a member of the Council of the National Commission for Human Rights, appointed by the Senate to serve from 2002-2007 and 2007-2012; as an external advisor to the International Labor Organization; and as President of the Mexican Society for Labor Rights and Social Security, position for which she was elected for the 2010-2012 period.

    Kurczyn Villalobos holds a Law Degree from UNAM, a Master’s degree in Sociology from the Universidad Iberoamericana, and a PhD in Law from UNAM.


    2
    5
    CommissionersRosendoevgueni Monterrey Chepov

    Rosendoevgueni Monterrey Chepov
    Rosendoevgueni Monterrey Chepov was sworn in before the Senate as Commissioner of the autonomous Federal Institute for Access to Information and Data Protection (IFAI) on May 14, 2014 to an eight-year period that expires in March 31, 2022.

    Prior to joining the IFAI, Monterrey Chepov was President Commissioner of the Institute of Transparency, Access to Information and Data Protection of the State of Mexico and Municipalities (INFOEM in Spanish), since October 2010. In this position, he was elected president of the Mexican Conference on Access to Public Information (COMAIP in Spanish), in 2012 (COMAIP is a forum that gathers the 33 transparency and access to information institutes of the Mexican States and of the Federal District, and IFAI, to share experiences, exchange good practices, analyze trends and promote cooperation).

    Previously, he had served as Coordinator of the Liaison Unit for Transparency and Access to Information of the Federal Electoral Institute and coordinator of Transparency and Head of the Information Unit, Planning, Programming and Evaluation at the Department of Finance of the State of Mexico.

    Monterrey Chepov holds a Bachelor’s degree in Economics from the Universidad del Valle de México and has taken academic courses on Economics at the Centro de Investigación y Docencia Económicas (Mexico).


    2
    6
    CommissionersJoel Salas Suárez

    Joel Salas Suárez
    Joel Salas Suárez was sworn in before the Senate as Commissioner of the autonomous Federal Institute for Access to Information and Data Protection (IFAI) on May 14, 2014 to a six-year period that expires in March 31, 2020.  

    Before joining the IFAI, Salas Suárez served the Ministry of Public Administration as Head of the Office for Transparency and International Cooperation.  Earlier, he was an advisor to the Executive Director of the Electoral Professional Service at the Federal Electoral Institute; and also to both houses of Congress.

    His academic and professional focus has been on open government, anticorruption strategies and policies, and social movements and democratization.

    Salas Suárez holds a Bachelor’s degree in International Trade from the Instituto Tecnológico y de Estudios Superiores de Occidente (ITESO Mexico) and a Master’s degree in Political Science from the Institute for Higher Studies of Latin America (IHEAL France). He is a Ph.D. candidate in Political Science at the Université Sorbonne Nouvelle-Paris 3.


    2
    7
    Legal CornerFederal Law of Transparency and Access to Public Government Information

    The Federal Law of Transparency and Access to Public Government Information (Transparency Act) recognizes the individual's right to access information of public institutions and agencies and provides the necessary means so that every person may have access to information through simple and expeditious procedures.

    The Transparency Act was published in the Federal Official Gazette on June 11, 2002. Today the Transparency Act faces new challenges with the imminent approval of a Constitutional Amendment on Transparency and Access to Information.


     With the enactment of the Federal Law of Transparency and Access to Public Government Information on June 12, 2002, the lack of specific regulations that support and facilitate the exercise of the right to information established in the Federal Constitution is remedied.

     

    The enactment brought a change in the relationship between government and governed, because the exercise of public office shall be under the premise of participation and scrutiny of the governed, having as objectives, among others, "make transparent public administration", "encourage accountability to citizens" so that they can evaluate the performance of government entities, and "contribute to the democratization of Mexican society and the full rule of law" (Article 4).


    The Transparency Act regulates the right of everyone to access to information held by the three Powers of the government, autonomous constitutional bodies, the federal administrative tribunals and other federal agencies.


    The Transparency Act sets forth the organs, criteria and procedures, principles and specific deadlines by which the right of access to information before federal authorities can be enforced.


    First, the Transparency Act provides that all government information is public, and instructs government agencies to promote the "principle of maximum disclosure and availability of information," which means that in case of doubt about the public or reserved nature of the information, it should be resolved in favor of the right of access there to. 


    Likewise, it grants individuals the right to request information from government agencies through simple and expeditious procedures, and without having to prove any interest, or justify the use that will be given to it. Additionally, the Transparency Act establishes a catalogue of information to be published routinely by government agencies on functions, budgeting, operations, staff directory, salaries, internal reports, and the execution of contracts and concessions, among others.


    It cannot be overlooked that the Transparency Act also provides for means by which individuals may file a claim against the refusal of access to information in the first instance before an administrative body functionally independent and, in second instance, before courts of the Judiciary of the Federation.​

    3
    1
    Legal CornerFederal Law on Protection of Personal Data

    The right to protection of personal data was recognized, for the first time, in the Federal Transparency and Access to Governmental Public Information Act (2002). This document states as one of its objectives to guarantee the protection of the personal data (Article 4), forcing departments and agencies of the Federal Public Administration to:


    a) Implement the required procedures to receive and resolve the requests for accessing and correcting data;


    b) Handle personal data as long as they are adequate, appropriate and moderated in connection with the purposes for which they were obtained;


    c) Make available to private entities, at the time of obtaining personal data, a document stating the purposes for its treatment;


    d) Implement the required measures to warrant the safety of personal data and prevent their alteration, loss, transfer or unauthorized access, among others. (Article 20)

     

    Due to the importance of the topic and to the national context, this act was strengthened in 2009 with the amendments to articles 16 and 73 of the Political Constitution of the United Mexican States. In the first one, the protection of personal data was recognized as one of the fundamental rights guaranteed by the Constitution, while the amendment to Article 73 conferred upon Congress of the Union (Mexican Parliament) the power to legislate for the protection of personal data held by private parties.

    In order to ensure a right of new generation, these changes led to the enactment of the Federal Law on Protection of Personal Data Held by Private Parties in 2010. This law “[…] has the purpose of protecting personal data held by private parties, in order to regulate its legitimate, controlled and informed processing, to ensure the privacy and the right to informational self-determination of individuals.” (Article 1)​

    3
    2
    Legal CornerBackground

    In the case of Mexico, the first approach to the right of access to information dates from 1977 and is since registered in the Constitution of the United Mexican States. Article 6 of the Constitution sets forth the obligation of the State to guarantee the right to information and, in Article 8, the "right of petition" that empowers any Mexican citizen to consult on government activities. It must be recognized, however, that in the absence of legal regulations applicable to the subject matter, access to information had been a gracious or discretionary concession of the authority, subject to the willingness of public servants and the physical availability of the information.


    It was the dev​​​elopment of the jurisprudence of the Supreme Court of Justice of the Nations Office that defined during this first stage, the contours of the right of access to information, considering it in the beginning as a social right to express opinions through the media, in the context of political parties, in order to evolve then into a genuine individual right requiring the State to provide complete and truthful information.

    It is until 2007 that, based on a constitutional reform by consensus, the principles and bases for the right of access to information applicable to the Federation, states and the Federal District, within their respective jurisdictions are established. 


    The amendment set the minimum requirements for any State Access to Information Law to have. These minimum requirements are:


    The principle of maximum publicity must always prevail and all information in possession of any public authority, entity, or organ, in the federal, state or municipal level, is public and may only be reserved temporarily and for reason of public interest in the terms established by the Law.
    Information regarding private life and personal data shall be protected according to the terms and exceptions established by the Law.

    Speedy mechanisms of access to information and revision procedures shall be established. These procedures will be substantiated before specialized and impartial organs with autonomy in their operation, management and decisions.

    Within the next year, the Federation, and every state shall establish electronic systems (INFOMEX) that would allow any person to use the mechanisms of access to information and appeal procedures from any location in the world, without the need to prove the Mexican nationality.

    In addition, municipalities with population greater that 70,000 inhabitants should also have electronic systems for the same purpose.

    With the approval of the Federal Law on Protection of Personal Data Held by Private Parties (Privacy Act) IFAI becomes the Authority Data Protection at the national level, as the scope of the law is for general observance throughout the entire country​
    3
    3
    Organizational Structure
    4
    1
    Publications

    Under Construction 

    5
    1
    Contact
    6
    1
    International Agenda

    -

    Under Construction

    7
    1

    Contact

     

     Contact

     
     
    Adjuntar archivoAdjuntar archivo
    |
    Ortografía...Ortografía...

    Name


    paternal surname


    maternal surname


    email


    message


    type


    Datos adjuntos

     

    The personal data gathered be protected and incorporated in the System of personal data of consultations related with proactive transparency with based on the provisions in Article 33 fractions VIII and X of Interior Regulation of Federal Institute of Access to Information and Data Protection, whose purpose is serve queries that individuals undertake with regard to the thematic of transparency, accountability and proactive transparency, which was registered in the listing of systems personal data with the IFAI. The administrative unit of this system of personal data is the DGAI and the address where the applicant may exercise access rights and correction before the same is http://www.ifai.org.mx. Above is reported in compliance the tenth seventh of the guidelines of personal data, published in the Official Journal of the Federation on September 30, 2005.

     

     Imagenes_Slider

     
      
    Ver: 
    https://www.infomex.org.mx/gobiernofederal/home.action
    1
    cajonbanners-minibanner1Pulsa aquí para solicitar información al Gobierno Federal
    http://portaltransparencia.gob.mx/buscador/search/search.do;jsessionid=GG4zQ0MQQzP9WtyPf0B31YfrDqWNgm27gTQ6DnTwCcxHJVwwzn6y!1004202839?method=begin&searchBy=0&idDependenciaZoom=06738
    2
    POTPulsa aquí para conocer la información que publica el IFAI (contratos, directorio, sueldos, etc.).  Los servidores públicos responsables de la información publicada en el Portal de Obligaciones de Transparencia, certifican la veracidad de la misma.
    http://sede.ifai.mx/SitePages/index.aspx
    3
    71TransparenciaIfaiLa Transparencia empieza aquí
    http://snt.ifai.org.mx/
    4
    73SNT2014Semana Nacional de Transparencia 2014
    http://administracionpaginaweb.ifai.org.mx/nuevo/Pleno%2017%20sept%202014%20AI-DP.pdf
    5
    75InfografiasPlenoNuevoInfografías de las Sesiones del Pleno
    http://administracionpaginaweb.ifai.org.mx/nuevo/11o_informe.pdf
    6
    69InformeLabores1311o. Informe de Labores al H. Congreso de la Unión 2013
    http://administracionpaginaweb.ifai.org.mx/nuevo/Bases%20del%20concurso%20Modelos%20AP-F.pdf
    6
    74Concurso CartelNuevoConcurso de Cartel de Aviso de Privacidad
    http://generador-avisos-privacidad.ifai.org.mx/
    7
    38GeneradorAPGenerador de Avisos de Privacidad
    http://administracionpaginaweb.ifai.org.mx/nuevo/Posicionamientos%20de%20los%20Comisionados%20del%20IFAI.pdf
    8
    67PosicionComisionadosPosicionamiento de Comisionados del IFAI sobre Ley TELECOM
    http://transparenciayprivacidad.org.mx/
    9
    08RevistaMexicanaRevista Mexicana de Acceso a la Información y Protección de Datos: Transparencia y Privacidad
    http://ww.datospersonales.org.mx
    10
    52ProdatosSistema de Protección de Datos Personales
    http://www.rea.ifai.org.mx
    12
    42REARegistro de Esquemas de Autorregulación Vinculante
    http://administracionpaginaweb.ifai.org.mx/nuevo/Gu%C3%ADa%20obligaciones%20de%20la%20LFPDPPP.pdf
    13
    61GuiaprincipiosLFPDPPPGuía para cumplir con los principios de la LPDPPP
    http://administracionpaginaweb.ifai.org.mx/nuevo/Manual%20seguridad%20MIPYMES.pdf
    14
    62ManualMIPYMESManual den materia de seguridad MIPYMES
    http://administracionpaginaweb.ifai.org.mx/nuevo/Viajes%202013.pdf
    15
    49ViaticosComisionados13Viajes en Comisión 2013
    http://aga.org.mx/SitePages/Principal.aspx
    16
    GobiernoAbiertoPortal para la Alianza para el Gobierno Abierto
    http://administracionpaginaweb.ifai.org.mx/nuevo/Declaraci%C3%B3n%20XI%20EIPD.pdf
    17
    41RedIberoamericanaDeclaración del XI Encuentro de la Red Iberoamericana
    http://inicio.ifai.org.mx/Otros/Informe%20al%20Congreso%20de%20la%20Uni%C3%B3n%20Respecto%20a%20la%20Protecci%C3%B3n%20de%20Datos%20Personales.pdf
    18
    33InformeCongresoInforme al Congreso de la Unión respecto a la Protección de Datos Personales
    http://premiotransparencia.org.mx/SitePages/Inicio.aspx
    19
    50-4toPremio4o. Premio a la Innovación en Transparencia
    http://transiciongob2012.pot.mx/default.aspx
    20
    transicionEquipo de Transición Gubernamental
    http://www.tramitefacil.gob.mx
    21
    TramiteFacilTrámite Fácil
    http://www.imjuventud.gob.mx/pagina.php?pag_id=821
    22
    57DebatePoliticoConcurso Nacional Juvenil Debate Político 2014
    http://www.dhytic.ipn.mx/
    23
    68CongresoInternacinalCongreso Internacional de Derechos Humanos y Tecnologías de Información y Comunicación
    http://itei.org.mx/cinecortos
    24
    58Consecuencia2o. Concurso Nacional de Cinecortos